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Protocol Vs Permit to work system

Started Mar 24, 2010

conveyor safety
2 Replies

Started this discussion. Last reply by SafetyRaja May 1, 2009.

Workers paticipation in safety management
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Started this discussion. Last reply by Tara safe Dec 27, 2018.


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SafetyRaja posted a discussion

Protocol Vs Permit to work system

It is understandable that PTW system helps in ensuring safety in all critical activities where the hazard is overcome by following a system of checklist. But quite often the word protocol is also being used in places where criticality is involved. Is there any guideline available for so called protocols. It will be of great help, if members offer suggestions and share their practices in their area of work.
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Safety Law

A group for those interested in occupational health and safety law and legal cases.
Sep 14, 2009

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It is my pleasure to be with you today to give this safety message on the occasion of the forthcoming 38th National safety day on 4th march.
National safety council of India, was formed on 4th March in 1966. This day assumed the importance of a major national campaign and it is widely celebrated to create awareness and to renew the commitment of industrial managements and the working class to occupational safety, health and environmental improvements.
I take this opportunity to call upon all the managements of industries to celebrate the National safety day in a befitting manner by way of organizing interesting and imaginative safety programmes.
Every year throughout the world, millions of industrial accidents occur. Every accident causes suffering and much anguish to his family members.
The world is still paying heavily for accidents in terms of human sufferings and property damage.
In today’s world, occupational health and safety needs to meet the challenges of an aging workforce, non-availability of experienced and appropriately skilled workers and the increased use of contractor workers
New safety hazards and health risks will be appearing along with the transfer and adoption of new technologies. In addition, many of the well known conventional hazards will continue to be present at the workplace till the risks arising from exposure to these hazards are brought under adequate control.

We learn from beginning and development of safety movement that
‘Accidents, they just do not happen, they are caused’.
Lack of knowledge and unsafe attitude gives raise to unsafe conditions and unsafe acts.
‘An unsafe act or an unsafe Condition, it is an indication that there is some thing wrong in the management system’
Accident prevention programme starts with hazard identification and risk assessment. Safety inspections, Investigation of accidents, Hazard and operability studies, Job safety analysis, Safety sampling, Incident recall technique are some of the tools by which hazards can be identified.
Then the risk is to be assessed in terms of in terms of probable frequency and severity of occurrence. According to the risk levels, corrective and preventive measures are to be initiated. Accident prevention is done in three ways control, namely, Engineering, Education and Enforcement usually represented, as 3E’s
Every employee must wear the required personal protective equipment.
Wearing of personal protective equipments does not prevent an accident , it can only minimize the injury.
In order to ensure safety in the industries we need to address many safety issues.
Fencing of machinery and machine guarding are very important to ensure that the persons do not come in contact with moving part.
Electrical shutdowns must be taken for the maintenance of any equipment. Violation of permit to work system cause serious accidents. It is essential that management regularly conduct an in depth formal recorded check of the efficient working of the system. If more that one agency work on the same equipment, each agency must take an independent shutdown.
All the lifting machines and lifting tackles must be examined by the competent person. And persons shall not move, below suspended load. Precautions are to be taken to prevent fall of objects.
Floor openings must be covered or barricaded. Use of safety belt must be ensured in height works.
Use of compressed air for cleaning the body must be avoided. Similarly, using oxygen to clean the body, is also very dangerous, as oxygen supports burning, any accidental ignition would cause fire and likely result in severe burn injuries.
In welding works, the welding holders must be fully insulated and the welding machines must have proper earth. Non return valves and flash back arrestors must be used in gas cutting works.
Rushing through production, ignoring the safety aspects and bypassing of in-built safety devices can result in accidents. Standard operating practices and standard maintenance practices are to be strictly followed.
In industrial areas, lot of road accidents are taking place, every employee must start from home well in advance so that last minute rush can be avoided. Every two wheeler riders must wear crash helmet. Cell phone driving must be avoided.

The Bhopal Gas tragedy of 1984—the worst chemical disaster in history, where over 2000 people died due to the accidental release of the toxic gas Methyl Isocyanate, is still fresh in our memories.

Industries involved in hazardous process must disclose the information regarding dangers, including the health hazards and the measures to overcome such hazards to its employees, the chief inspector of factories, the local authorities and to the general public in the near vicinity.
Factories involved in making hazardous process shall lay down a safety policy and prepare and an emergency preparedness plan to meet the emergency situations. Mock drills must be conducted to check its effectiveness.
An optimist invented aero plane. Mr. Stefan Banic, who witnessed an air crash accident, thought about the safety of air travelers and went on to invent parachute. Apart from accident prevention, industries must be also be well prepared and show resilience to bounce back in the event of any unexpected incidents.
Every person working in the industry must fully trained on first aid fire fighting, first aid and emergency rescue and care.
Five Emergency Response Centres have been established in Manali(TN), Bhopal(MP), Mahad(MH) Visakhapatnam(AP), Hyderabad(AP) which serves as a link between District Crisis Group(DCG) and the industries during an emergency
Central Labour Institute has unique collection of Material Safety Data Sheet of about 1,20,000 chemicals taken from Canadian Centre for Occupational Health & Safety. MSDS provides extensive coverage over safety perspective with detailed evaluation of health, fire and reactivity hazards. It also provides precaution as well as recommendation on handling, storage, personal protective equipment and accidental release.
All India Institute of medical science has online support of toxic surveillance and environmental health monitoring. The Centre functions round-the-clock, 365 days in year and provides information on various poisonings and treatment protocols
Industries are moving forward from just complying the legal requirement to the implementation of Occupational health and safety management system- 18001 and they are greatly benefited. They will draw full advantage of the system once it is implemented in true spirit.
Creating a culture that promotes learning is pivotal in developing a culture of safety. Learning plays an important role in creating a positive environment. Organizations that promote learning indirectly promote employee morale; employees view themselves as more valuable to the organization when they see the organization investing in them.

Educate employees on safety hazards in their working environment and use training programs that teach “how to” rather than “what not to do.” Workers must comprehend the value of the training they receive. Provide positive reinforcement and incentives for training. Help employees understand that training is not just a company requirement; it is for their well-being. Learning best safety practices and hazards awareness is laying the groundwork for a safety culture.

Promote safety within your organization. Communicate with every level of the organization the importance of safety for employee well-being and the organization. Posting safety signs and handing out employee handbooks are both credible ways to create safety awareness throughout your organization.
Utilize whatever means you have available to communicate with your team and management. Keep messages consistent and appealing. Constant reminders of both safe behavior and safety hazards will keep safety at the forefront of peoples’ minds.
Recognize when positive safety choices are made, and make corrections when negative safety choices are made. Many organizations today are using recognition/rewards systems to promote safe behavior. This is a great way to promote safety as long as the foundation has been laid with training and education.
When you see an employee working safe, recognize them and set an encouraging example for the rest of the team. On the other hand, when unsafe actions occur, determine what is causing the unsafe behavior and take corrective action to ensure it doesn’t happen again
Use accident and incident investigation techniques to determine the root cause of the accident, injury or unsafe behavior to train the employee(s) to correct their action. Rather than punishing an employee, help them to understand what they are doing wrong and how to correct the unsafe behavior.
In order for a safety culture to persist, everyone in your organization should be accountable for safety, including you. Set goals and document successes. If one fails to meet a goal, use corrective action and positive reinforcement to correct behavior and encourage safety. When goals are met, reward the group.
Promote openness and communication about safety in your organization. Solicit feedback and involve every level of the organization in your safety goals.
Safety committees should consist of individuals from various levels and departments within your organization. Trust is very important in this process. Employees must feel as though they can express thoughts and report accidents or incidents without fear of blame or punishment.

There are many aspects of human behavior that need to be altered in order to achieve a successful culture change. Developing a culture of safety at your organization takes careful planning and maintenance, and most importantly strong leadership. Management and employees must change their attitudes and incorporate safety into everything they do.

Developing and maintaining a safety culture is an ongoing process that will evolve over time. Commitment to it and a positive approach to safe behavior will ensure a culture of safety at your organization for years to come.
Workers are our assets.
On this day, I call upon all the persons working in the industries and those who are connected to the industries, to do everything possible to prevent Industrial accidents.
Let us take pledge on this day, to rededicate ourselves to the cause of occupational safety, health and environmental protection.


Wish you all a very safe and prosperous carrier

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At 10:10am on March 19, 2009, Troy Taylor said…
SafetRaja, Welcome to the Community! Check out Best Practices when you get a chance and join the group. It would be great to have you as a member. While you are there, take a quick 3 question survey in the post: A Safety Professional's Commute to Work. Thanks.
At 9:46am on March 18, 2009, Lara Kretler said…
Hi SafetyRaja, thanks for sharing your message from Radio India.
At 8:51am on February 26, 2009, Lara Kretler said…
Hello J. Rajendran,
I saw that you would like to create a new group for the steel industry. It probably makes sense to do that and I can help if you would like. It makes sense to call the group "Steel Industry" rather than by your name, so that people will know what it is and join. Let me know if I can help with that or anything else related to this site.
At 4:53pm on February 24, 2009, Wm R. Bunner CET said…
I saw your posting that was posted abot10 hours ago.
I am not sure how this group works, in terms of communicating.
I am very new. I live in the USA in Ohio but work in many USA states and territories and some other countries.
I have been in hazardous materials safety for many years but now spend more time in heavy construction safety in electric power plants. Wm R. Bunner, CET "Bill"
At 11:25am on February 24, 2009, Venugopal said…
At 4:02pm on February 23, 2009, John Miley said…
J. Rajendran, welcome to the Safety Community. I hope you will find the Safety Community to be a tremendous resource to meet your goals. If you have the time, we would benefit from your knowledge and experience with Forum discussion(s).

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