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Adam Fleaming's Blog (78)

The art of writing effective audit observations

Audits are a means of evaluating operations and other functions of an organization. ISO 19011:2011 Guidelines for Auditing Management Systems describes audits as a process used for gathering the evidence of verifiable documents and map their suitability, alignment and fulfilment with the company’s policies and procedures.

An audit is an important tool that helps organizations to analyze opportunities, implement best practices, and assess all the important factors in…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on April 27, 2017 at 6:29am — No Comments

Understanding the ways of conducting shrink investigations

Shrink investigation is essentially about examining the causes of shrink (loss) in retail businesses. Although retail is one of the fastest growing areas of business, the possibility of shrink is very high in this area. It is also an overlooked area, because of which many shrinks that could otherwise have been prevented, do not get prevented.

Controlling losses is as important…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on April 21, 2017 at 6:02am — No Comments

Writing error-free procedures while complying with GMP regulations

In the area of GMP regulations, procedures are very vital, for both execution and audits. It is always true that the greater the clarity and comprehensiveness with which these procedures are written; the easier it becomes for users to use them without missing important information for regulators.

Despite the advent of technology into almost all the areas of GMP regulations; there is still the existence of the human factor. It is still the major…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on April 19, 2017 at 6:43am — No Comments

Packaging and labeling are important components of commercial and clinical products

Packaging and labeling of commercial and clinical products are very important aspects to an organization involved in a business that relates to these products. While the packaging and labeling of commercial products is important, it is more so with clinical products, because these products play an important role in a clinical trial and also in the very life of a patient or subject.

Commercial products have their own value over time. The FDA has guidances for…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on April 17, 2017 at 8:41am — No Comments

Are Your Test Methods Ready for Quality Control or any laboratory ?

The FDA considers verification and transfer of Test Methods a subject worthy of 483 observations and issuance of Warning Letters. Test method verification is also required by the GMPs, and USP has a whole chapter dedicated to test method verification. This makes comprehension of the requirements for the verification and transfer of a test method into a laboratory imperative for Laboratory Managers and other personnel.…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on April 12, 2017 at 6:42am — No Comments

How the supposed microbial control or monitoring approach SHOULD be handled.

That water systems are critical to the pharmaceutical industry is a given. This fact makes it absolutely imperative for pharmaceutical companies to get a grasp of the techniques needed for getting these systems right. Product recall, costly downtime and many other related negatives are some of the consequences of not getting these matters right.

Among the primary causes,…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on April 10, 2017 at 6:24am — No Comments

Procurement and Contract Fraud is usually off -the books- and difficult to detect and investigate

In this interconnected, interdependent global world, the need for contracting procurement of any goods or services is strong and indispensable. However, the benefits of this feature notwithstanding, there are several loopholes in the procurement and contracting activity. Outsourcing and contracting, by their very nature, are vulnerable to fraud. Fraud can happen at any stage of the procurement and contract process.…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on April 6, 2017 at 5:59am — No Comments

What to expect during GMP Inspection

Regulatory agencies such as the FDA conduct inspections for product-related Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) in the course of assessing an application for marketing approval. The basic purpose of product-related GMP inspections is to check for compliance with the GMP guidelines set out in the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) and national and local GMP regulations. GMP is the slightest standard that a manufacturer has to mandatorily meet in its production…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on April 3, 2017 at 6:29am — No Comments

Effective cleaning validation procedures for analytical equipment

Regulatory agencies the world over have put in place stringent requirements for ensuring that cleaning validation procedures for analytical equipment are effective. Even if putting these practices in place involves expense and effort, it is worth the trouble, because the cost of noncompliance is much, much higher than that of compliance.

Noncompliance with regulations for cleaning validation procedures for analytical equipment has a serious consequence: Regulatory…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on March 30, 2017 at 6:42am — No Comments

Establishing Latest Quality Systems in medical device and pharmaceutical industries

Establishing Quality Systems is one of the central aspects of a medical device and/or pharmaceutical organization. Establishment of Quality Systems is also a regulatory requirement, as set out by the FDA and the ISO.

The process of establishment of Quality Systems for FDA-regulated medical devices industries is set out in 21 CFR Part 820. Further, the ISO has its standard for how to establish Quality Systems in medical devices industries –the ISO 13485 standard…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on March 28, 2017 at 9:06am — No Comments

Right now Medical device hazard analysis, the core of medical devices

Medical device hazard analysis is of vital importance to a medical device. Medical device hazard analysis is at the heart of medical devices because if the device is not analyzed thoroughly for the hazard, or danger, that it poses, it is likely to cause problems of any kind to the user. Many a time, it becomes a matter of life and death. This is why medical device hazard analysis is of foremost importance.…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on March 27, 2017 at 8:31am — No Comments

Works Quickly Meeting the FDA’s Quality and compliance requirements

Quality and compliance are vital issues for any medical devices company. Despite the fact that the FDA’s regulatory compliance requirements are the same across the industry; many medical device companies are shocked when they receive a 483, or a Warning Letter, or even a consent decree. Is meeting the FDA’s regulatory requirements something of a chance, which some organizations get by fluke and others don’t?…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on March 24, 2017 at 6:31am — No Comments

Today’s Pre control and Statistical Process Control (SPC)

Pre control and Statistical Process Control (SPC) are key tools for determining the process that goes into a product.

SPC is a key ingredient of Quality. It is an important step in reducing nonconformities and defects in any manufacturing process. SPC charts help to detect assignable causes of a process change in a timely fashion. SPC helps to identify root causes and take corrective actions before the development of the product has reached such a stage that…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on March 22, 2017 at 6:04am — No Comments

A look into the 21st Century Cures Act

Considered one of the most significant changes to be introduced into the American healthcare sector since the passage of the Affordable Care Act; the 21st Century Cures Act was one of the last legislative acts of outgoing president Barack Obama. Signed into law in December 2016; the 21st Century Cures Act seeks to strengthen medical research, foster innovation and accelerate the development of innovative treatments for chronic ailments such as cancer.…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on March 16, 2017 at 6:00am — No Comments

Lyophilization: Validation and regulatory approaches

Lyophilization and its validation and regulatory approaches form an important aspect of parenteral drugs.



Lyophilization is a process in which a product is frozen and placed in a vacuum and water is removed from it. This removes the need for the liquid stage in the change of ice from solid to vapor. This process consists of three phases: primary, sublimation and desorption.



Lyophilization is considered complex



Parenteral products such as anti-infective drugs,…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on March 15, 2017 at 6:18am — No Comments

Understanding and handling payment issues

A financial organization, or an organization involved in any business for that matter, faces the prospect of receiving duplicate, fraudulent or late payments. These are the typical payment issues an organization is likely to face at some point of time in its business.

Payment issues are something almost no organization is likely to be free from. Duplicate invoice payments, just one of the payment issues an organization is likely to face, account for losses of…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on March 13, 2017 at 6:02am — No Comments

Understanding normality tests and normality transformations

That the inputted data should be “normally distributed” is a requirement of the calculations used in many statistical tests and methods. Typically, the methods used for Student’s t-Tests, ANOVA tables, F-tests, Normal Tolerance limits, and Process Capability Indices include such calculations.

A core criterion for ensuring the correct results is the one that the raw data used in such calculations be “normally distributed”. It is in view of this fact that the…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on March 10, 2017 at 5:39am — No Comments

The importance of Design of Experiments (DoE)

Design of Experiments (DoE) is an important component in many industries. It is a series of tests or runs that is carried out repeatedly and consistently over a period of time, and its outputs or responses, observed. Design of Experiments is very important in industry to help arrive at an understanding of the predictability and reproducibility of an experiment.

Design of…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on March 8, 2017 at 5:12am — No Comments

Analyzing financial statements is an indispensable insight for managers

Financial statements are the ultimate indicator of a company’s financial health. Number crunching is a very important exercise that all executives at all levels of an organization need to be familiar with. Yet, given the heavy jargon that goes into financial statements and the complexity most of them have; many managers feel put off and don’t generally like to pore over financial statements.

The company’s financial statement is intended to provide insights into the…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on March 3, 2017 at 5:34am — No Comments

The Attribute Agreement Analysis

Humans can be calibrated, although most people like to think otherwise. The commonly used standard, Attribute Agreement Analysis, or what is called AAA, is a handy tool in helping to do this. At its barest, Attribute Agreement Analysis is a method in which the level of agreement or conformance between the appraisal made by the appraiser(s) and the standard is assessed. Then, the elements used for the appraisal that have the highest levels of disagreement with the standard are…

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Added by Adam Fleaming on February 15, 2017 at 5:54am — No Comments

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Adam Fleaming posted a blog post

The art of writing effective audit observations

Audits are a means of evaluating operations and other functions of an organization. ISO 19011:2011 Guidelines for Auditing Management Systems describes audits as a process used for gathering the evidence of verifiable documents and map their suitability, alignment and fulfilment with the company’s policies and procedures.An audit is an important tool that helps organizations to analyze opportunities, implement best practices, and assess all the important factors in a business, such as risks,…See More
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Favorite Motivational Quote: If you want something, you'll find a way - If not, you'll find an excuse.Favorite Safety Quote: Don't learn safety by accident!Continue

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